Biosynthesis of leukotoxin, 9,10-epoxy-12 octadecenoate, by leukocytes in lung lavages of rat after exposure to hyperoxia

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1986 Feb 13;134(3):1071-8. doi: 10.1016/0006-291x(86)90360-8.


In lung lavages of rat after pure oxygen breathing, a toxic linoleate peroxide, 9,10-epoxy-12-octadecenoate, and its isomer, 12,13-epoxy-9-octadecenoate were detected by HPLC analyses. The epoxide(s) was demonstrated to be biosynthesized by incubating linoleate with leukocytes collected from lung lavages, thus nominated to be leukotoxin. The chemical structures of leukotoxin and its isomer were determined by gas-chromatography/mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance measurements. Leukotoxin showed a potent uncoupling activity to rat liver mitochondrial respiration and a dose-dependent relaxation of rat stomach smooth muscle. These findings were discussed with 'oxygen toxicity' on the lung.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Exotoxins / biosynthesis*
  • Exotoxins / toxicity
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism
  • Female
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Isomerism
  • Leukocytes / drug effects
  • Leukocytes / metabolism*
  • Lung / metabolism*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Male
  • Mitochondria, Liver / metabolism
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth / physiology
  • Oxygen / poisoning*
  • Oxygen Consumption / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains


  • Exotoxins
  • Fatty Acids
  • leukotoxin
  • Oxygen