Methodological issues in screening for dementia: the problem of education adjustment

J Chronic Dis. 1986;39(3):163-70. doi: 10.1016/0021-9681(86)90019-6.


The methodological problems of developing efficient and unbiased screening methods for population-based studies of dementia have received scant attention. The potential advantages of education-adjusted screening methods are discussed. The implications for adjustment techniques of a negative correlation of educational attainment with age are emphasized. Two education adjustment methods, a stratified regression method and a nonparametric method, which take the age-education correlation into account are described, compared, and illustrated.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Dementia / epidemiology*
  • Educational Status*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Mental Status Schedule
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Psychological Tests*
  • Psychometrics
  • Regression Analysis
  • United States