Doppler echocardiographic evaluation of Hancock and Björk-Shiley prosthetic values

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Mar;7(3):681-7. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(86)80480-6.


Doppler echocardiographic characteristics of normally functioning Hancock and Björk-Shiley prostheses in the mitral and aortic positions were studied in 50 patients whose valvular function was considered normal by clinical evaluation. Doppler studies were also performed in 46 patients with suspected malfunction of Hancock and Björk-Shiley valves and who subsequently underwent cardiac catheterization. Mean gradients were estimated for both mitral and aortic valve prostheses and valve area was calculated for the mitral prostheses. Doppler prosthetic mitral valve gradient and valve area showed good correlation with values obtained with cardiac catheterization (r = 0.93 and 0.97, respectively) for both types of prosthetic valves. The correlation coefficient (r = 0.93) for mean prosthetic aortic valve gradient was also good, although Doppler echocardiography overestimated the mean gradient at lower degrees of obstruction. Regurgitation of Hancock and Björk-Shiley prostheses in the mitral and aortic positions was correctly diagnosed. These results suggest that Doppler echocardiography is a reliable method for the characterization of normal and abnormal prosthetic valve function.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aortic Valve / physiopathology
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / diagnosis
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology
  • Bioprosthesis* / adverse effects
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Echocardiography*
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitral Valve / physiopathology
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / diagnosis
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology
  • Prosthesis Design