Research on both adult patients and parents of pediatric patients has demonstrated that satisfaction with medical encounters predicts such important outcomes as compliance with medical regimen. The authors developed a questionnaire to measure parent satisfaction with children's medical encounters, administered it to 104 parents of pediatric patients (field trial 1), and revised it. The revised Parent Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale (P-MISS) was then tested on a new sample of parents whose medical visits were videotaped (field trial 2). On field trial 2, the P-MISS showed a high alpha reliability (0.95). The four factor-based subscales identified by field trial 1 showed high alpha reliabilities on field trial 2: physician communication with the parent (0.81); physician communication with the child (0.93); distress relief (0.85); and adherence intent (0.86). With the exception of the distress relief subscale, the subscales appear to measure distinct dimensions of satisfaction. Objective ratings of physicians' interpersonal skills to parents during medical interviews correlated significantly with parents' total satisfaction scores as well as with all four satisfaction subscale scores, providing preliminary evidence of the construct validity of the P-MISS.