Two high molecular weight DNA polymerases, which we have designated delta I and delta II, have been purified from calf thymus tissue. Using Bio Rex-70, DEAE-Sephadex A-25, and DNA affinity resin chromatography followed by sucrose gradient sedimentation, we purified DNA polymerase delta I 1400-fold to a specific activity of 10 000 nmol of nucleotide incorporated h-1 mg-1, and DNA polymerase delta II was purified 4100-fold to a final specific activity of 30 000 nmol of nucleotide incorporated h-1 mg-1. The native molecular weights of DNA polymerase delta I and DNA polymerase delta II are 240 000 and 290 000, respectively. Both enzymes have similarities to other purified delta-polymerases previously reported in their ability to degrade single-stranded DNA in a 3' to 5' direction, affinity for an AMP-hexane-agarose matrix, high activity on poly(dA) X oligo(dT) template, and relative resistance to the polymerase alpha inhibitors N2-(p-n-butylphenyl)dATP and N2-(p-n-butylphenyl)dGTP. These two forms of DNA polymerase delta also share several common features with alpha-type DNA polymerases. Both calf DNA polymerase delta I and DNA polymerase delta II are similar to calf DNA polymerase alpha in molecular weight, are inhibited by the alpha-polymerase inhibitors N-ethylmaleimide and aphidicolin, contain an active DNA-dependent RNA polymerase or primase activity, display a similar extent of processive DNA synthesis, and are stimulated by millimolar concentrations of ATP. We propose that calf DNA polymerase delta I, which also has a template specificity essentially identical with that of calf DNA polymerase alpha, could be an exonuclease-containing form of a DNA replicative enzyme.