Phagocytosis of latex particles by leucocytes. I. Dependence of phagocytosis on the size and surface potential of particles

Biomaterials. 1986 Jan;7(1):61-6. doi: 10.1016/0142-9612(86)90091-8.


A series of latex particles, having different sizes and surface structures, were prepared and the dependence of phagocytosis of latex particles by leucocytes on the particle size and surface potential was investigated by measuring the oxygen consumption of leucocytes. Most of the phagocytic behaviour in the initial stages can be explained by susceptibility of particles to heterocoagulation i.e. attachment of small particles (latex particles) onto large particles (leucocytes) by the colloidal attractive force between the two kinds of particles. Specific behaviour for fine particles seems to be attributed to the contribution of steric stabilization by the hydrated layer on the particle surface and to the inability for the leucocytes to recognize very fine particles as foreign materials.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Latex*
  • Leukocytes / ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Neutrophils / physiology*
  • Phagocytosis*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Surface Properties


  • Latex