Approximately 90% of the NADPH- and NADH-dependent O-demethylation of p-nitroanisole (PNA) in the hepatic microsomal fraction from phenobarbital (PB)-treated rabbits and in the pulmonary microsomal fraction from untreated rabbits is catalyzed by the same isozyme of cytochrome P-450. This isozyme of cytochrome P-450 catalyzes less than 60% of this reaction in the hepatic microsomal fraction from untreated rabbits. Antibodies to NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase inhibit NADPH-dependent metabolism of p-nitroanisole by about 90% but have no effect on NADH-dependent metabolism. Hepatic NADPH-dependent metabolism of pNA and reduction of cytochrome c are inhibited to the same extent with varying amounts of antibodies to NADPH cytochrome P-450 reductase. The same relationship between inhibition of monooxygenase and reductase activities is observed for the hepatic and pulmonary metabolism of benzphetamine and 7-ethoxycoumarin. In contrast, the relationship between inhibition of the pulmonary NADPH-dependent metabolism of pNA and reductase activity is biphasic; at 75% inhibition of reductase activity, metabolism of pNA is inhibited by less than 25%. For NADH-dependent metabolism of pNA, our results indicate that both electrons are transferred to cytochrome P-450 from cytochrome b5.