Survival in idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis

Clin Nephrol. 1986 Mar;25(3):122-8.

Abstract

Sixty-seven patients with idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis (iMGN) were analyzed clinically. Their mean age was 39.3 years, and 47 (70%) of them were male. Fifty (74.6%) showed nephrotic syndrome (NS) initially and five (7.5%) had additionally chronic renal failure. Hypertension was present in 27%. During the follow-up (mean 6.7 years) renal death occurred in four patients 12-151 (mean 84.2) months after the diagnosis of iMGN. Four patients died of non-renal causes. The actuarial life-table survival at 5, 10 and 15 years was 94%, 83% and 69%, respectively. To some extent renal function deteriorated in 13 patients (19%). These patients were older (49.9 vs. 36.8 years, p less than 0.01) than those with preserved renal function, and many of them had serum creatinine levels of 125 mumol/l or more initially. Sex did not correlate with the development of renal insufficiency. Patients with slight proteinuria never showed loss of renal function. The retrospective comparison of survival in patients who did (N = 31) or did not (N = 19) receive corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressive drugs for the treatment of NS revealed no evident difference at 5 or 10 years. This clinical analysis emphasizes the fairly favorable outcome of patients with iMGN. Hence a reserved view must be taken when treatment with potentially dangerous agents is considered in a disease with unknown etiology and pathogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actuarial Analysis
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Finland
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glomerulonephritis / complications
  • Glomerulonephritis / mortality*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nephrotic Syndrome / etiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors