Cardiovascular regulation during administration of co-dergocrine to normal subjects

Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1986;29(5):565-72. doi: 10.1007/BF00635894.


Whether and to what extent activation of peripheral presynaptic dopamine2-receptors may modulate the release of norepinephrine (NE) and so affect blood pressure (BP) in normal or hypertensive man is not clear. The hydrogenated ergotoxine derivative, co-dergocrine, given in effective antihypertensive rather than excessive experimental doses, has recently been shown to act predominantly as a peripheral dopamine2-receptor agonist in several species. Accordingly, BP regulation assessed has been in 8 normal men on placebo and after 3 weeks on codergocrine 4 mg/day. Co-dergocrine significantly reduced urinary NE excretion from 43 to 33 micrograms/24 h, supine and upright plasma NE 21 to 16 and 49 to 36 ng/dl, respectively, heart rate (-8 and -5%, respectively) and upright systolic BP, 115 to 102 mm Hg; upright diastolic BP also tended to be lower. A standard pressor dose of infused NE was lowered from 131 to 102 ng/kg/min, and the relationship between NE-induced changes in BP and concomitant NE infusion rate or plasma NE concentration was displaced to the left. Exchangeable sodium and plasma volume tended to be slightly decreased. Plasma and urinary electrolytes and epinephrine, plasma renin activity and aldosterone levels, pressor responsiveness to angiotensin II, the chronotropic responses to isoproterenol, and the NE-induced rise in BP, plasma clearance of NE, glomerular filtration rate and effective renal plasma flow were not consistently modified. The findings are consistent with effective peripheral dopamine2-receptor agonism by co-dergocrine in humans. Peripheral presynaptic dopaminergic activation may modulate sympathetic activity and BP in normal man.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aldosterone / metabolism
  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Dihydroergotoxine / adverse effects
  • Dihydroergotoxine / pharmacology*
  • Electrolytes / blood
  • Epinephrine / metabolism
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Isoproterenol / pharmacology
  • Kidney Function Tests
  • Male
  • Norepinephrine / pharmacology
  • Prostaglandins / urine
  • Sodium / metabolism


  • Electrolytes
  • Prostaglandins
  • Dihydroergotoxine
  • Angiotensin II
  • Aldosterone
  • Sodium
  • Isoproterenol
  • Norepinephrine
  • Epinephrine