The prognostic value of estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) was studied in 246 women with primary carcinoma of the uterine cervix. In addition to the receptor status information on tumor stage, histological type, age at operation, and menopausal status was recorded and analyzed. If the patient died the cause of death was ascertained. The median survival time for the 97 patients who died was 15 months and the survivors were followed for an average of 34 months. The survival curve was compared with an age, sex, and year of death matched West-Australian population. The survival curves for patients with ER+ or ER- and PR+ or PR- tumors were virtually indistinguishable. Overall survival in patients with cervical carcinoma is not influenced by the receptor status or the receptor concentration of the carcinoma.