Instantaneous pressure gradient: a simultaneous Doppler and dual catheter correlative study

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1986 Apr;7(4):800-6. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(86)80339-4.


To more precisely measure the beat to beat and instantaneous pressure gradients across outflow stenotic lesions, simultaneous Doppler and dual catheter pressure gradient measurements were performed in 95 patients (mean age 42 years, range 1.5 to 85). There were 38 right ventricular and 62 left ventricular outflow obstructive lesions. Forty-nine patients also had a nonsimultaneous Doppler study performed within 7 days before catheterization. The simultaneous pressure waveforms and Doppler spectral velocity profiles were digitized at 10 ms intervals deriving maximal, mean and instantaneous gradients (mm Hg). For simultaneous maximal Doppler and catheter gradient measurements, the correlation coefficient (r) was 0.95 (SEE = 10 mm Hg), for Doppler and catheter mean gradients it was 0.94 (SEE = 8 mm Hg) and for maximal Doppler and peak to peak catheter gradients it was 0.92 (SEE = 13 mm Hg). The correlation of maximal and mean Doppler gradients with the respective catheter gradients was similarly high when the right and left ventricular outflow lesions were analyzed separately. However, the maximal Doppler gradient was significantly higher than the peak to peak catheter gradient. This was more evident with left ventricular outflow stenotic lesions. The correlation of the outpatient maximal Doppler and catheter gradients (r = 0.80, SEE = 17 mm Hg) was significantly lower than the simultaneous correlation (r = 0.96, SEE = 10 mm Hg) in the 49 patients with two Doppler studies. Continuous wave Doppler echocardiography accurately measures the instantaneous pressure gradient across both left and right ventricular outflow obstructive lesions. The maximal Doppler gradient should not be equated with the peak to peak catheter gradient.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / physiopathology*
  • Cardiac Catheterization*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Echocardiography*
  • Female
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pressure
  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis / physiopathology*