Mutant bacteria with hyperaccurate ribosomes support their excessive accuracy of translation in vitro by dissipating 1.5 to 2.5 cognate ternary complexes per peptide bond formed. This is to be compared with a dissipation rate close to 1.1 for wild-type ribosomes. Here, we have tested the hypothesis that a corresponding loss of translational efficiency in vivo would lower the growth rate of the mutants. Such a growth inhibitory effect would explain why the lower accuracy of wild-type ribosomes is more fit. Our data show that as expected the mu of the hyperaccurate mutants is smaller than that of wild-type bacteria. In contrast, during glucose-limited growth in chemostats there is not the same simple correlation between growth yield and ribosomal efficiency for the hyperaccurate mutants.