Release of purines, noradrenaline, and GABA from rat hippocampal slices by field stimulation

J Neurochem. 1985 Jan;44(1):217-24. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1985.tb07133.x.


Labelled adenine, noradrenaline (NA), and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were taken up by the transversely cut hippocampal slice. [3H]NA and [14C]GABA were retained as such, [3H]- (or [14C]-) adenine mainly as adenine nucleotides. There was a spontaneous overflow of all three types of compounds ranging from 0.1 (GABA) to 0.21 (NA) %/min. The rate of [3H]NA overflow increased rapidly during electrical field stimulation. The release rate was well maintained over a 15-min period. The rate of [14C]GABA release also increased rapidly but it was not maintained over a 15-min period even if uptake and/or metabolism was inhibited by nipecotic acid (1 mM) and aminooxyacetic acid (AOAA, 0.1 mM). The bulk of the purines was released after the stimulation period. For all compounds the amounts released were frequency- and calcium-dependent. At a frequency of 3 Hz a 10 V stimulation was sufficient to cause a maximal [3H]NA release and 20 V to cause maximal [14C]GABA release, but 14C-purine release was increased further by increasing the voltage to 40 V. The evoked purine release was inhibited by a nucleoside uptake inhibitor (dipyridamole). On stimulation of [3H]NA-labelled slices the released radioactivity was composed of greater than 95% unchanged NA. The specific activities of NA in the slice and in the superfusate were practically identical. In [3H]adenine-labelled slices the released radioactivity was composed of adenosine, inosine, and hypoxanthine, but the activity in the slice of ATP, ADP, and AMP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenine / metabolism
  • Aminooxyacetic Acid / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Dipyridamole / pharmacology
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Evoked Potentials
  • Hippocampus / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Nipecotic Acids / pharmacology
  • Norepinephrine / metabolism*
  • Potassium / metabolism
  • Proline* / analogs & derivatives*
  • Purines / metabolism*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / metabolism*


  • Nipecotic Acids
  • Purines
  • Aminooxyacetic Acid
  • nipecotic acid
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • Dipyridamole
  • Proline
  • homoproline
  • Adenine
  • Potassium
  • Norepinephrine