Management of patients with symptomatic extracranial carotid artery disease and incidental intracranial berry aneurysm

J Vasc Surg. 1985 Jan;2(1):158-64. doi: 10.1067/mva.1985.avs0020158.

Abstract

Perioperative fluctuation of blood pressure and the use of anticoagulants during carotid endarterectomy may potentiate lethal aneurysm rupture in patients who have symptomatic extracranial carotid artery occlusive disease with incidental, asymptomatic, intracranial berry aneurysms. Ten patients having this combination are described in the present study. Of five men and five women whose mean age was 63 years, nine had symptomatic carotid bifurcation atherosclerosis, one had internal carotid fibromuscular dysplasia, and all had intracranial berry aneurysms ranging from 2 to 13 mm in diameter (mean diameter 6.6 mm). In seven patients, aneurysms were greater than or equal to 6 mm in diameter. Hypertension was present in seven patients and moderately severe in five. Three of the aneurysms were located in the intracranial internal carotid artery, five in the middle cerebral artery, three in the posterior communicating artery, one in the anterior cerebral artery, and one in the superior cerebellar artery. Twelve carotid reconstructive procedures were performed without morbidity related to aneurysm rupture. These included 10 carotid endarterectomies, one of which was combined with Dacron patch angioplasty and one of which was combined with a simultaneous coronary artery bypass; one carotid artery dilatation for fibromuscular disease; and one reoperative carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty. Three patients had correction of hemodynamically significant lesions, two of which were proximal to ipsilateral anterior circulation aneurysms. An intraluminal shunt and heparin anticoagulation therapy were used in all patients. Despite a concerted effort to control blood pressure, the patients' perioperative blood pressures ranged from 60/30 to 240/110 mm Hg. Three patients had subsequent elective clipping of intracranial aneurysms.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Carotid Arteries / surgery
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / complications
  • Carotid Artery Diseases / surgery*
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Dilatation
  • Endarterectomy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / etiology
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / complications*
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging
  • Intracranial Arteriosclerosis / complications
  • Intracranial Arteriosclerosis / surgery*
  • Intraoperative Care
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk