Bag-valve-mask ventilation; two rescuers are better than one: preliminary report

Crit Care Med. 1985 Feb;13(2):122-3. doi: 10.1097/00003246-198502000-00015.


This study suggests that the bag-valve-mask (BVM) used by a single rescuer with minimal training fails to deliver adequate tidal volumes for resuscitation. When two rescuers use the BVM, tidal volumes are more than recommended and are comparable to those seen with endotracheal intubation. Two-person BVM ventilation should be considered for initial resuscitation in cardiopulmonary arrest.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Intubation, Intratracheal / instrumentation
  • Lung Volume Measurements*
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Resuscitation / instrumentation*
  • Resuscitation / methods
  • Tidal Volume*