Rapid radiometric assay used to assess lactoferrin in granulocytes

Clin Chem. 1985 Mar;31(3):407-9.

Abstract

We describe a rapid, precise, and sensitive radiometric assay for human lactoferrin. In this typical "sandwich"-type assay, anti-human lactoferrin is adsorbed onto a polystyrene sphere and bound lactoferrin is detected by the subsequent binding of 125I-labeled anti-human lactoferrin. The assay is accurate for lactoferrin concentrations of 5 to 1500 micrograms/L and takes about 2.5 h to complete. The within-assay and interassay variations (CV) are 5% and 13%, respectively. Neither lysozyme nor heparin, substances that form complexes with lactoferrin, interfered with lactoferrin measurement by this method. The assay has been applied to the measurement of lactoferrin in polymorphonuclear leukocytes of both healthy adults and neonates. We found significantly (p less than 0.001) less lactoferrin in the latter, an abnormality that may be related to known functional deficits of polymorphonuclear leukocytes during the newborn period.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Female
  • Granulocytes / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lactoferrin / blood*
  • Lactoglobulins / blood*
  • Male
  • Microchemistry
  • Neutrophils / analysis
  • Radioimmunoassay

Substances

  • Lactoglobulins
  • Lactoferrin