Aortico-left ventricular tunnel with ventricular septal defect: two-dimensional/Doppler echocardiographic diagnosis

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985 Mar;5(3):757-60. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(85)80408-3.


Aortico-left ventricular tunnel is a rare congenital anomaly that presents as aortic regurgitation and congestive heart failure in childhood. Its association with a ventricular septal defect is even more rare. Because of the distortion of the normal anatomy around the aortic valve and the rarity of this combination of defects, the diagnosis of aortico-left ventricular tunnel with ventricular septal defect may be difficult. The two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic findings of aortico-left ventricular tunnel are described.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Angiocardiography
  • Aorta / abnormalities*
  • Aorta / physiopathology
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Echocardiography*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnosis*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / physiopathology
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / diagnosis*
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular / physiopathology
  • Heart Ventricles / abnormalities
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male