Ejection fraction response to supine exercise in asymptomatic aortic regurgitation: relation to simultaneous hemodynamic measurements

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1985 Apr;5(4):847-55. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(85)80422-8.


The change in ejection fraction during exercise is frequently employed as a measure of left ventricular functional reserve in patients with aortic regurgitation. However, little information is available about its relation to invasive measurements of cardiac performance. Therefore, simultaneous hemodynamic measurements and supine exercise blood pool scintigraphy were performed in 14 patients with severe, asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic aortic regurgitation associated with cardiomegaly but preserved left ventricular function at rest. Their hemodynamic measurements at rest were normal and their exercise capacity was excellent. When the patients were categorized into those patients whose ejection fraction increased or did not decrease by more than 0.05 (Group 1) and those whose ejection fraction decreased by more than 0.05 (Group 2), important differences were apparent. Echocardiographic, radionuclide and hemodynamic measurements at rest in the two patient groups were similar, but Group 1 exhibited a greater increase in cardiac index during supine exercise (2.8 +/- 0.4 to 10.0 +/- 1.8 versus 2.7 +/- 0.5 to 6.9 +/- 1.0 liters/min per m2; p less than 0.005) and a lesser increase in pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (13 +/- 4 to 19 +/- 7 versus 12 +/- 4 to 31 +/- 8 mm Hg; p less than 0.01). The severity of regurgitation decreased during exercise in all patients, but end-diastolic volume decreased and end-systolic volume decreased or was unchanged in Group 1, whereas end-diastolic volume was unchanged and end-systolic volume increased in Group 2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / classification
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology*
  • Cardiac Output*
  • Echocardiography
  • Exercise Test*
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Posture
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Stroke Volume*
  • Time Factors