On the brain of a scientist: Albert Einstein

Exp Neurol. 1985 Apr;88(1):198-204. doi: 10.1016/0014-4886(85)90123-2.


Neuron:glial ratios were determined in specific regions of Albert Einstein's cerebral cortex to compare with samples from 11 human male cortices. Cell counts were made on either 6- or 20-micron sections from areas 9 and 39 from each hemisphere. All sections were stained with the Klüver-Barrera stain to differentiate neurons from glia, both astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. Cell counts were made under oil immersion from the crown of the gyrus to the white matter by following a red line drawn on the coverslip. The average number of neurons and glial cells was determined per microscopic field. The results of the analysis suggest that in left area 39, the neuronal: glial ratio for the Einstein brain is significantly smaller than the mean for the control population (t = 2.62, df 9, p less than 0.05, two-tailed). Einstein's brain did not differ significantly in the neuronal:glial ratio from the controls in any of the other three areas studied.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Brain / anatomy & histology*
  • Brain / physiology
  • Famous Persons
  • Frontal Lobe / anatomy & histology
  • Frontal Lobe / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuroglia / anatomy & histology
  • Neurons / anatomy & histology
  • Parietal Lobe / anatomy & histology
  • Parietal Lobe / physiology

Personal name as subject

  • A Einstein