Dynamic organ culture of precision liver slices for in vitro toxicology

Life Sci. 1985 Apr 8;36(14):1367-75. doi: 10.1016/0024-3205(85)90042-6.


The lack of a reproducible method for the production of thin tissue slices has hindered the use of liver slices as an in vitro tool for hepatotoxicity studies. Fresh human, rat, and rabbit liver was processed using a mechanical slicer. With this instrument, precision (5% of thickness) liver slices in the submillimeter range could be produced at a rapid rate. Slices were prepared from fresh livers in chilled, oxygenated buffer to minimize trauma. Following incubation for up to 20 h in a dynamic organ culture system, histology of incubated slices suggested that 250 m precision-cut slices were optimum in regard to morphology relative to liver slices incubated under conventional organ culture conditions. Addition of bromobenzene to the culture showed time-dependent hepatotoxicity based on two classic parameters of cell degeneration. Histological evidence is presented which suggests the usefulness of this system for hepatotoxicity studies and the production of focal necrosis in vitro.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bromobenzenes / toxicity
  • Humans
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / analysis
  • Liver / cytology
  • Liver / drug effects*
  • Male
  • Microtomy
  • Necrosis / chemically induced
  • Organ Culture Techniques*
  • Potassium / analysis
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Toxicology*


  • Bromobenzenes
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Potassium