Vitamin A status of neonates with bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Pediatr Res. 1985 Feb;19(2):185-8. doi: 10.1203/00006450-198502000-00007.


We prospectively assessed and compared the vitamin A status of two groups of preterm neonates (less than 1500 g birth weight, less than 32 wk gestation), one who developed clinical and radiographic evidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (n = 10), and the other (control) who developed no significant lung disease (n = 8). The infants with BPD in this study required prolonged mechanical ventilation and supplemental O2 therapy, and had a higher incidence of cardiorespiratory complications when compared to controls. Their mean plasma vitamin A concentrations were significantly lower than those of controls at four sampling times in the 1st postnatal month. In contrast to the controls, infants with BPD showed a substantial decline in their plasma vitamin A concentrations from the initial values, and a high percentage of individual values of plasma vitamin A concentration in these infants were less than 10 micrograms/dl during the 8-wk postnatal period of observation. Delayed establishment of gastrointestinal feeding and a lower vitamin A intake in these infants relative to controls may have accounted for this decline. Our data show that preterm neonates who develop BPD have suboptimal plasma vitamin A concentrations for extended periods of time postnatally. We speculate that the necrotizing bronchiolitis and squamous metaplasia of conducting airways associated with vitamin A deficiency could influence the orderly repair of lung injury in susceptible neonates who are mechanically ventilated and could contribute to the pathophysiology of BPD in these infants.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / blood*
  • Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia / complications
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Male
  • Vitamin A / blood*
  • Vitamin A Deficiency / complications


  • Vitamin A