From 1975 to 1981, 490 cases of exocrine adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, representative of those occurring in the working-age population of Los Angeles County, were compared to matched neighborhood controls. Among the items of information obtained from each subject was a lifetime job history and a history of specific workplace exposures; this came directly from both case and control in 124 pairs. Although the matched cases and controls were generally comparable, they were not matched with respect to job history. While other strong risk factors for pancreas cancer were found in the same study, no significant or suggestive differences in the jobs or perceived chemical or process exposures between cases and controls were found. Those minor differences which were found did not suggest credible mechanisms of carcinogenesis when examined in detail. Our study does not point to the workplace as an important determinant of pancreas cancer in the economically diversified urban area of Los Angeles.