During a period of 24 months 75 renal transplant recipients were examined by thermography according to Tricoire. Thermography is a non-invasive, quickly available and reproducible method. Because of the 92% incidence of exact diagnosis this investigation is a helpful additional test in kidney transplantation for evaluation of graft function as well as for diagnosis of pathological intrarenal or perirenal disorders. Thermography is especially recommended for patients if postoperative haemodialysis is necessary. In these cases information can easily be achieved whether postoperative oligo-anuria is caused by acute tubular necrosis or by primary vascular insufficiency of the transplant.