Simultaneous manometry and electromyography in the pharyngoesophageal segment

Laryngoscope. 1985 May;95(5):582-4. doi: 10.1288/00005537-198505000-00011.


Whether the occlusion between hypopharynx and esophagus is established by anatomical relations and tissue elasticity or by a functional resting tone of the muscle fibers is not quite clear. This study describes simultaneous electromyography (EMG) and electromanometry in the pharyngoesophageal segment to solve this problem and investigate the complex mechanism of deglutition. To register the EMG from the hypopharyngeal constrictor muscle and the upper esophageal sphincter (UES), two copper wire electrode pairs with hooked bare ends were used. These electrodes were introduced into the muscles through a rigid esophagoscope. It is demonstrated that at rest muscle activity is present in the UES. This activity disappears during the relaxation period. Simultaneous manometry and EMG is a valuable supplement to diagnostic procedures in dysphagia patients.

MeSH terms

  • Deglutition*
  • Electromyography
  • Esophagogastric Junction / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Manometry
  • Muscles / physiology*
  • Pharyngeal Muscles / physiology*