Relationship of neuropsychological status to everyday functioning in healthy and chronically ill persons

J Clin Exp Neuropsychol. 1985 Jun;7(3):281-91. doi: 10.1080/01688638508401260.


Three hundred and three patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and concomitant neuropsychological impairment plus 99 healthy control subjects matched on the basis of socio-demographic variables were administered an expanded version of the Halstead-Reitan Battery and a battery of instruments measuring the quality of everyday-life functioning. The results indicated that neuropsychological measures can be used to predict everyday-life functioning in impaired persons, but few significant relationships were observed in the normals. Neuropsychological status was more consistently related to activities of daily living and basic social role performance than to emotional status. Complex, multifunctional neuropsychological tasks were found to be the best overall predictors of life functioning, whereas more specific tasks served as better predictors of specific dimensions of life functioning.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Brain Damage, Chronic / diagnosis*
  • Brain Damage, Chronic / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases, Obstructive / complications*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / diagnosis
  • Neuropsychological Tests*
  • Psychometrics