Short-term holding room treatment of asthmatic children

J Pediatr. 1985 May;106(5):707-11. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(85)80340-1.


We undertook a randomized trial to compare holding room treatment vs hospitalization of patients with childhood status asthmaticus. Two thirds of 51 patients were discharged from a holding room within 24 hours (mean 11.8 +/- 4.61 hours); the others required hospitalization. One third of 52 hospitalized patients received less than or equal to 1 day of intravenously administered therapy, and two thirds received less than 2 days of therapy (mean 45.6 +/- 12 hours). There were no statistically significant differences in recurrence rates between the two groups in the 28 days following status asthmaticus. For patients receiving less than or equal to 1 day of therapy, the holding room cost was $526 +/- $226 vs $1439 +/- $339 for hospitalized patients (P less than 0.001). Thus, holding room therapy for childhood status asthmaticus is both medically and economically effective.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aminophylline / therapeutic use
  • Asthma / therapy*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Emergency Service, Hospital* / economics
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Prospective Studies
  • Random Allocation
  • Recurrence
  • Status Asthmaticus / drug therapy
  • Status Asthmaticus / therapy*


  • Aminophylline