ECG-synchronized cardiac MR imaging: method and evaluation

Radiology. 1985 Jun;155(3):681-6. doi: 10.1148/radiology.155.3.4001369.


An electrocardiographic (ECG) sensing and gating device compatible with a 0.35-tesla (T) magnetic resonance (MR) imager has been developed and used to produce 802 MR images of the heart in 30 patients. The instrument consists of an isolated acquisition module, an electrically floating preamplifier, and a monitor gating module. Two spin-echo images were acquired for each of five, 0.7-cm thick, transaxial sections from the base to the apex of the heart during each ECG-synchronized imaging run. Image quality was assessed in a blind study by two investigators, on a scale from 0 to 3, as diagnostic [2-3] or nondiagnostic [0-1]. There was agreement in 91.4% of their assessments of diagnostic images (68.1% of the images studied). Resolution of heart anatomy on the MR images was adversely affected by prolonged spin-echo time delay, imaging in late diastole, image acquisition at the cardiac apex, irregular triggering, and artifacts. The synchronization of gradient pulses to the ECG at 0.35 T appears safe for patients, permits diagnostic resolution of images, allows image acquisition at distinct points during the cardiac cycle, and enables monitoring of patients during imaging.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Female
  • Heart* / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged