Evolution of karyotypic abnormalities and C-MYC oncogene amplification in human colonic carcinoma cell lines

Chromosoma. 1985;92(1):11-5. doi: 10.1007/BF00327240.


Cell lines (COLO 320 DM and COLO 320 HSR), established from a human neuroendocrine tumor, contain an amplified cellular oncogene (c-myc). We have previously shown that the homogeneously staining regions (HSRs) of a marker chromosome in the COLO 320 HSR cells that evolved in culture from COLO 320 DM cells contain amplified c-myc. Molecular hybridization in situ has now been used to demonstrate that the HSRs are on both arms of what was once an X chromosome. We also show that amplified c-myc copies are present in the isolated double minute chromosomes (DMs) of the COLO 320 DM cells that were characteristic of the tumor cells initially established from the patient. The results suggest that the amplified c-myc appeared first as DMs and was subsequently transposed to engender HSRs on an X chromosome. The initial COLO 320 tumor cell may have acquired two "early replicating" (i.e., active) X chromosomes and lost the "late replicating" (i.e., inactive) X.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Chromosome Disorders*
  • Colonic Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Colonic Neoplasms / pathology
  • DNA, Neoplasm / isolation & purification
  • Gene Amplification*
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Metaphase
  • Oncogenes*


  • DNA, Neoplasm