Streptozotocin diabetes: prolonged inflammatory response with delay in granuloma formation

Int J Tissue React. 1985;7(1):27-33.

Abstract

Inflammatory responses to carrageenin in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats proved to be characterized by low values of granuloma tissue (tissue) weight and granuloma pouch fluid (fluid) volume, high values of fluid beta-glucuronidase (beta-Gl) and leucine aminopeptidase (LAP), and furthermore by high values of fluid lipid peroxide (LPO) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and low values of fluid proamidase. These results in such diabetic rats were similar to those in rats injected with high doses of carrageenin except tissue weight and fluid volume. On the basis of measurements of three basic parameters required for coordinated observation of the inflammatory system, namely lysosomal enzymes, LPO, and proamidase (related respectively to the inflammatory response sensu stricto, to tissue damage, and to tissue repair), it can be concluded that the diabetic rats show an inadequately adapted inflammatory response, with decreased granuloma formation and reduced exudation, to noxious agents. This is probably due to a low sensitivity of the inflamed tissue in diabetic rats to noxious stimuli or chemical mediators, leading to a delay in the normal defence reaction of enhanced granuloma formation and exudation, thus resulting in a prolonged inflammatory response with a delay in wound healing.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Amidohydrolases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Carrageenan
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / enzymology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Precursors / metabolism
  • Glucuronidase / metabolism
  • Granuloma / enzymology
  • Granuloma / etiology
  • Granuloma / metabolism*
  • Inflammation / chemically induced
  • Inflammation / enzymology
  • Inflammation / metabolism
  • Inflammation / physiopathology*
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism
  • Leucyl Aminopeptidase / metabolism
  • Lipid Peroxides / metabolism
  • Male
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Enzyme Precursors
  • Lipid Peroxides
  • Proteins
  • Carrageenan
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Glucuronidase
  • Leucyl Aminopeptidase
  • Amidohydrolases