Symptomatic Rathke's cleft cysts located entirely in the suprasellar region: review of diagnosis, management, and pathogenesis

Neurosurgery. 1985 Jun;16(6):766-72. doi: 10.1227/00006123-198506000-00005.


Three cases of an entirely suprasellar symptomatic Rathke's cleft cyst, two of which were associated with normal sella turcicas, are reported. In all cases, the cysts caused compression of the optic chiasm, and two produced hypothalamic dysfunction. The diagnosis of these entirely suprasellar masses was enhanced by metrizamide cisternography. Two cases were treated by frontal craniotomy and one was treated transsphenoidally, with good results in all cases. The radiology, pathology, and surgical treatment of these unusual cases is presented. An embryological pathogenesis for the occurrence of an entirely suprasellar Rathke's cleft cyst is discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Craniopharyngioma / diagnostic imaging
  • Craniopharyngioma / pathology
  • Craniopharyngioma / surgery*
  • Epithelium / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pituitary Gland / pathology
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Visual Acuity