Lipid bodies from fat-mobilizing cotyledons of cucumber and other Cucurbitaceae were investigated. Proteins and glycoproteins were analyzed by electrophoresis and then used to characterize the lipid body membrane at different stages of cell development. Contaminations by other membranes or organelles were ruled out by comparing the main constituents from the endoplasmic reticulum, cytosol, glyoxysomes and protein bodies with the pattern of the lipid body membrane, considering both the prevalent peptides and the dominating glycoproteins. Among the proteins of lipid body membranes in ripening and germinating cotyledons, a 90-kDa peptide was found as unique marker of lipid bodies at the stage of fat mobilization. The 90-kDa protein was purified, and antibodies against it were raised in rabbits. By means of immunoprecipitation and electrophoretic analysis it was demonstrated that the synthesis of the 90-kDa form located in lipid bodies shows a transient increase and subsequent decline, with maximal values being observed at day 3 of germination. At this stage, the rate of de novo synthesis was compared considering lipid body proteins and other organellar proteins. The 90-kDa protein appeared as the lipid body constituent that is synthesized and assembled in the organelle by far at the highest rates.