Diet and exercise training effects on resting metabolic rate

Int J Obes. 1985;9(1):39-47.


The decline in resting metabolic rate (RMR) during periods of caloric restriction is a well documented phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to determine if either 30 min of daily self-selected aerobic activity (Group D) or prescribed exercise training performed every other day (Group P) for 12 weeks can prevent the decrease in RMR during caloric restriction for weight loss. Seventy-eight adult subjects (38 M, 40 F) whose weights were 15-35 percent above the upper limit for age, sex and frame were randomly assigned to three treatment groups. All three groups followed the same 1200, 1500 or 1800 kcal/d (5023, 6279, 7534 kJ) diet exchange plan. Group C (Control) followed no exercise program, while D and P exercised as described above. Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max, m10(2)/kg X min-1) predicted from the Bruce Test increased by 0.08 +/- 7, 9 +/- 12 and 12 +/- 9 percent in groups C, D and P, respectively. The increases for D and P were significantly higher than for C (P less than 0.01). RMR (m10(2)/kg X min-1) increased by 2 +/- 9, 4 +/- 7 and 10 +/- 9 percent in groups C, D and P respectively. The percent change for group P was significantly greater than that for groups C and D (P less than 0.05). There was a significant relationship across all subjects between the % delta in VO2 max and % delta in RMR (r = 0.307, P less than 0.01). However, the association between these two variables was stronger for females than for males.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Basal Metabolism*
  • Body Height
  • Body Surface Area
  • Body Weight
  • Diet, Reducing*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Exertion*