Patients with Hurler's syndrome (MPS-1H), I-cell disease (ML-II) and pseudo-Hurler's syndrome (ML-III) had median nerve compression and triggering of the fingers which limited finger extension. To our knowledge, this combination has not been reported previously in patients with mucopolysaccharidoses and related disorders. In all of our 3 cases the median nerve was compressed by thickened flexor tenosynovium. Synovectomy and resection of the volar carpal ligament improved the hand function in all, including the mentally retarded patient with Hurler's syndrome. Release of the fibroosseous tunnel in two patients was followed by an increased range of motion (but not full extension). A fourth patient, without a mucopolysaccharide storage disorder, also had the combination of trigger finger and carpal tunnel syndrome.