Increased bone aluminum deposition after subtotal parathyroidectomy in dialyzed patients

Kidney Int. 1985 May;27(5):785-91. doi: 10.1038/ki.1985.81.

Abstract

Ten dialyzed patients underwent a systematic bone biopsy before and 19 +/- 9 months after subtotal parathyroidectomy (PTX). At the end of the follow-up period all the patients, except two, who complained of proximal myalgia, were asymptomatic. Compared to the bone biopsy specimen obtained prior surgery, decreased bone formation without mineralization impairment was observed after PTX. Despite an average decrease in aluminum gels intake after PTX, an increase in stained aluminum was observed (0.69 +/- 0.79 versus 1.20 +/- 0.95 mm/mm2, P less than 0.050). Aluminum accumulation depended on the pre-PTX bone aluminum load: pre- and post-PTX bone aluminum loads were correlated (r = 0.78, P less than 0.01). Bone aluminum accumulation was not related to the amount of aluminum gel intake after PTX; however, only two patients free of both bone aluminum deposit prior to PTX and aluminum gel intake after PTX had no stainable aluminum on the second bone biopsy after PTX. The only patient who had no decrease in bone formation after PTX had no increase in bone aluminum. Assuming that the patients had no aluminum deposit prior to dialysis, we measured the rate of bone aluminum accumulation. It rose from 0.11 +/- 0.09 mm/mm2/year prior to PTX to 0.40 +/- 0.25 mm/mm2/year after PTX (P less than 0.05) in the six patients who were maintained on phosphate binders and who had a decrease in bone formation after PTX. These six patients had unchanged aluminum gel intake.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aluminum / metabolism*
  • Biopsy
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism*
  • Bone and Bones / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / metabolism
  • Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Parathyroid Glands / surgery*
  • Renal Dialysis*

Substances

  • Aluminum