Pericholecystic hepatic activity in cholescintigraphy

Radiology. 1985 Sep;156(3):797-800. doi: 10.1148/radiology.156.3.4023246.


Gallbladder nonvisualization in cholescintigraphy has been shown to be a reliable finding in acute cholecystitis. In some cholescintigrams, we have observed faintly increased pericholecystic hepatic activity in conjunction with gallbladder nonvisualization. To determine the frequency and significance of the pericholecystic hepatic activity finding, we evaluated 334 consecutive adult patients who had cholescintigrams with technetium-99m diisopropylphenylcarboamoyl iminodiacetic acid. Pericholecystic hepatic activity was seen in 21% of the abnormal scans demonstrating gallbladder nonvisualization but in none of the other scans. Thirteen of these patients underwent surgery; 11 (85%) were found to have acute cholecystitis, and two (15%) had chronic cholecystitis. Four patients (31%) had acute gangrenous cholecystitis, and five (39%) had cholecystitis complicated by gallbladder perforation. The pericholecystic hepatic activity sign is not specific for gangrenous cholecystitis or gallbladder perforation but does reliably indicate inflammatory gallbladder disease and is associated with a relatively high incidence of cholecystitis complicated by perforation.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biliary Tract Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cholecystitis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cholecystography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Radionuclide Imaging