Toxic-oil syndrome. Gallium-67 scanning and bronchoalveolar lavage studies in patients with abnormal lung function

Chest. 1985 Sep;88(3):398-402. doi: 10.1378/chest.88.3.398.


The toxic-oil syndrome (TOS) is a multisystem disorder whose etiology and pathogenesis are as yet unknown. Lung alterations persist in a significant number of TOS patients due to the underlying vascular lesion. Computer-assisted 67Ga scanning and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) studies were performed in 14 TOS patients with sustained abnormal diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (Dco). No significant difference was observed between the 67Ga uptake index of the TOS and control populations. Likewise, there was no significant difference in the number of effector cells recovered from the lungs of TOS patients and controls by bronchoalveolar lavage. However, a rise in IgA and IgG concentrations (p less than 0.002) and a fall in alpha 1-antitrypsin (p less than 0.05) and transferrin (p less than 0.01) were observed in the TOS group. Phospholipid and lecithin concentrations in the lavage fluid were similar for patients and controls. The alveolar macrophage function assayed in three TOS patients was normal. These observations raise new questions about the outcome of lung pathology in TOS and warrant further follow-up studies of the lung abnormalities observed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bronchi / metabolism
  • Bronchi / pathology
  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated
  • Female
  • Food Contamination*
  • Gallium Radioisotopes
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Lung Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Diseases / metabolism
  • Lung Diseases / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oils / adverse effects*
  • Plant Oils*
  • Pulmonary Alveoli / metabolism
  • Pulmonary Alveoli / pathology
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Rapeseed Oil
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Syndrome
  • Therapeutic Irrigation


  • Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated
  • Gallium Radioisotopes
  • Oils
  • Plant Oils
  • Rapeseed Oil