Facilitated transport of glucose from blood into peripheral nerve

J Neurochem. 1985 Sep;45(3):957-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1985.tb04087.x.

Abstract

D-Glucose is the major substrate for energy metabolism in peripheral nerve. The mechanism of transfer of glucose across the blood-nerve barrier is unclarified. In this study an in situ perfusion technique was utilized, in anesthetized rats, to examine monosaccharide transport from blood into peripheral nerve. Unidirectional influxes of D-[14C]glucose, L-[14C]glucose, and [14C]3-O-methyl-D-glucose across capillaries of the tibial nerve were measured at different perfusate concentrations of unlabelled D-glucose. The permeability-surface area product (PA) for D-[14C]glucose and [14C]3-O-methyl-D-glucose decreased, whereas the PA for L-[14C]glucose remained constant, as the perfusate concentration of D-glucose was increased. In the presence of no added unlabelled D-glucose in the perfusate, the PA for L-[14C]glucose equaled one-fifth the PA for D-[14C]glucose. These results demonstrate self-saturation, competitive inhibition, and stereospecificity of glucose transfer, and for the first time show a unidirectional facilitated transport mechanism for D-monosaccharides at capillaries of mammalian peripheral nerve. The data were fit to a model for facilitated transport and passive diffusion. The half-saturation constant and maximal rate of transport for the saturable component of D-glucose influx equaled 23 +/- 11 mumol X ml-1 and 6.6 +/- 3.2 X 10(-3) mumol X s-1 X g-1, respectively. The constant of nonsaturable glucose influx equaled 0.5 +/- 0.1 X 10(-4) s-1. At normal plasma glucose concentrations, the saturable component comprises about 80% of total D-glucose influx into nerve.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Capillaries / metabolism
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Mathematics
  • Perfusion
  • Peripheral Nerves / metabolism*
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Stereoisomerism

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Glucose