Effect of diet and controlled exercise on weight loss in obese children

J Pediatr. 1985 Sep;107(3):358-61. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(85)80506-0.


The effects of adding exercise to diet for weight control in obese children were evaluated by randomizing obese girls to one of two groups: diet and diet plus exercise. During the first 6 weeks of the treatment, children exercised in a supervised three times a week exercise program, in which they walked or ran 3 miles. Significant decreases from baseline weight and in percent overweight were observed for both groups during the year of treatment. Significant decreases in percent overweight were observed at 0 to 2 months and then at 2 to 6 months for the children who were exercising, whereas percent overweight in children in the diet-alone group decreased only from 0 to 2 months. In addition, a significant improvement in fitness was observed only for children in the diet plus exercise group.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Behavior Therapy
  • Body Weight*
  • Child
  • Diet
  • Diet, Reducing*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Obesity / diet therapy
  • Obesity / physiopathology*
  • Obesity / psychology
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Physical Fitness
  • Random Allocation
  • Self Care