High blood pressure and 'ischaemic' ECG patterns in climacteric women

Maturitas. 1985 Jul;7(2):89-97. doi: 10.1016/0378-5122(85)90015-5.

Abstract

A study to evaluate the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) and resting 'ischaemic' electrocardiogram (ECG) patterns in the climacteric was carried out in 494 outpatients aged up to 65 yr. The study group was made up of 91 pre-menopausal women, 235 natural post-menopausal women, 91 surgical post-menopausal women and 77 women of advanced reproductive age, who comprised the control group. High systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure values were seen in 26.6% of the overall climacteric group (C), i.e. in 23.1% of the pre-menopausal women (PM); 28.9% of the natural post-menopausal women (NMt); and 24.2% of the surgical post-menopausal women (SMt), these frequencies being statistically significant compared to that in the control group (K) (6.5%). 'Ischaemic' ECG patterns (according to the Minnesota Code definition) were observed in 20.3% of the C group, in 22.0% of the PM group and in 27.5% of the SMt group, these rates being statistically significant compared to that in the control group (9.1%). Minnesota Code 4:1 and 5: 1-2 patterns were present in 5.7%, and 4:2 and 5:3 patterns in 14.6% of the C group. A significant correlation was found between HBP (systolic and diastolic) and 'ischaemic' ECG patterns.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure*
  • Cardiomyopathies / physiopathology*
  • Climacteric*
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk