Simultaneous recording of substantia nigra neurons and voltammetric release of dopamine in the caudate of behaving cats

Brain Res Bull. 1985 Aug;15(2):221-3. doi: 10.1016/0361-9230(85)90140-6.


Simultaneous electrophysiological recordings of single dopamine-containing neurons in the pars compacta of the substantia nigra and the voltammetric release of dopamine in the caudate were made in the behaving cat. Unit activity showed no significant changes during sleep and small changes during active waking, while the release of dopamine in post-synaptic target regions of the caudate nucleus decreased by approximately 35% during sleep and increased approximately 50% during movement. These data demonstrate that recording the electrophysiological activity of single dopamine-containing neurons alone does not accurately reflect the functional state of the central dopamine system. The present study is the first report on the simultaneous measurement of the post-synaptic release of a neurotransmitter and the electrophysiological recording of neurons identified to contain that transmitter substance.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cats
  • Caudate Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Dopamine / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Neural Pathways / physiology
  • Sleep / physiology
  • Substantia Nigra / physiology*


  • Dopamine