Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 56 (4), 899-910

How Lower- And Working-Class Youth Become Middle-Class Adults: The Association Between Ego Defense Mechanisms and Upward Social Mobility

  • PMID: 4042752

How Lower- And Working-Class Youth Become Middle-Class Adults: The Association Between Ego Defense Mechanisms and Upward Social Mobility

J R Snarey et al. Child Dev.

Abstract

This is a report of social mobility in 278 inner-city men studied for 4 decades and over 3 generations. 63.3% of the men and 59.8% of their children were upwardly mobile. 8 variables captured 28% of the explained variance in upward social mobility: IQ, mother's education, mother's occupation, boyhood ego strength, and four ego defense mechanisms--intellectualization, dissociation, sublimation, and anticipation. Of the 8 variables, intellectualization--the capacity to isolate ideation from the associated affect--explained the most unique variance, especially over 3 generations. Childhood relations of subjects with parents and father's IQ exerted no discernible effect on children's upward social mobility.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 1 PubMed Central articles

  • 'Emotional Intelligence': Lessons From Lesions
    J Hogeveen et al. Trends Neurosci 39 (10), 694-705. PMID 27647325. - Review
    'Emotional intelligence' (EI) is one of the most highly used psychological terms in popular nomenclature, yet its construct, divergent, and predictive validities are cont …

Publication types

Feedback