Chickenpox with delayed contralateral hemiparesis caused by cerebral angiitis

Ann Neurol. 1985 Sep;18(3):358-60. doi: 10.1002/ana.410180317.


Chickenpox and herpes zoster ophthalmicus are caused by the same virus. Herpes zoster ophthalmicus can be followed by contralateral hemiparesis, which is thought to be caused by spread of varicella-zoster virus to blood vessels contiguous to the trigeminal nerve and its branches. We report what we believe to be the first case of a patient with chickenpox followed by hemiparesis in whom there was angiographic evidence of an associated vasculitis similar to that found with herpes zoster ophthalmicus.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Brain Ischemia / etiology
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Cerebral Arterial Diseases / etiology*
  • Chickenpox / complications*
  • Child
  • Constriction, Pathologic / etiology
  • Female
  • Hemiplegia / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Vasculitis / etiology*