A relationship between gait and clinical changes following high tibial osteotomy

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985 Oct;67(8):1188-94.


We studied the cases of twenty-one patients with high tibial osteotomy in order to determine the relationship between knee-joint loading during gait and clinical outcome. The patients were tested before surgery, one year after surgery, and again at an average of 3.2 years after surgery. An age-matched group of fifteen control subjects was also studied. The results of this study indicate that certain characteristics of preoperative walking are associated with postoperative clinical results. In particular, the moment tending to adduct the knee joint during walking preoperatively was predictive of postoperative clinical results. The patients were classified into a high adduction-moment group and a low adduction-moment group according to the magnitude of the knee-adduction moment. The adduction moment was reduced in both groups after high tibial osteotomy. However, the average postoperative adduction moments in the low adduction-moment group were still significantly lower than those in the high adduction-moment group. The two groups were indistinguishable on the basis of preoperative knee score, initial varus deformity, immediate postoperative correction, age, and weight. However, at an average 3.2-year follow-up, patients with low preoperative adduction moments had substantially better clinical results than did patients with high adduction moments. The low adduction-moment group had 100 per cent excellent or good clinical results, while only 50 per cent of the patients in the high adduction-moment group had an excellent or good result. Furthermore, there was a significant recurrence of varus deformity in the patients in the high adduction-moment group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Gait*
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / physiology*
  • Locomotion
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteotomy / methods*
  • Postoperative Period
  • Tibia / surgery*