A comparative study of the allergens of cat urine, serum, saliva, and pelt

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1985 Oct;76(4):563-9. doi: 10.1016/0091-6749(85)90776-6.


In direct RAST analyses of sera from 43 individuals with a history of cat allergy, 39.5% were positive to cat pelt, 37.5% to cat saliva, and 12% each to cat urine and serum. The cat pelt and saliva extracts contained allergen 1, but cat serum and cat urine collected by bladder puncture had no detectable levels of this allergen. A crossed immunoelectrophoresis/crossed radioimmunoelectrophoresis analysis failed to reveal any allergen in urine or serum that was not also present in the saliva or pelt preparations, although urine had two allergens not present in serum. When serum from a patient who was direct RAST positive to cat pelt, serum, saliva, and urine was tested by crossed radioimmunoelectrophoresis, it was determined that a total of six allergens were detectable in cat pelt, three in cat urine, and six in cat serum. Since cat serum contains no detectable cat allergen 1, it may be concluded that at least seven allergens derived from the cat are capable of binding to IgE antibody in humans.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Allergens / analysis*
  • Animals
  • Cats / immunology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity / immunology
  • Immunoelectrophoresis, Two-Dimensional
  • Male
  • Rabbits
  • Radioallergosorbent Test
  • Saliva / immunology*
  • Skin / immunology*
  • Urine / analysis*


  • Allergens