Learning and retrieval rate of words presented auditorily and visually

J Gen Psychol. 1985 Apr;112(2):201-10. doi: 10.1080/00221309.1985.9711004.


Mode of presentation (visual or auditory) of a multitrial free recall test is stressed as an important factor in improving the diagnosis of certain neurological patients. For further use in neuropsychological research, an experiment was carried out using normal subjects, in which the effects of presentation mode and order of modality were investigated. There were no differential effects of these variables on several parameters, such as the number of words recalled and the learning curve. The time needed for the responses in immediate recall was the same in both auditory and visual conditions. In delayed recall, however, the interresponse times were significantly shorter when words had been presented auditorily than when presented visually. The results are discussed in light of further application in the field of neuropsychology.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Form Perception*
  • Humans
  • Learning
  • Memory*
  • Mental Recall*
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual*
  • Physical Stimulation
  • Reaction Time
  • Speech Perception*