The effect of bystander CPR on survival of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims

Am Heart J. 1985 Nov;110(5):932-7. doi: 10.1016/0002-8703(85)90187-5.


The effect of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was studied in 2142 emergency medical service (EMS) cardiac arrest runs. When bystander CPR was administered to cardiac arrest victims, 22.9% of the victims survived until they were admitted to the hospital and 11.9% were discharged alive. In comparison, the statistics for cardiac arrest victims who did not receive bystander CPR were 14.6% and 4.7%, respectively (p less than 0.001). A critical factor in patient survival was the amount of time that elapsed before the EMS personnel arrived and administered CPR. Patients who received bystander CPR were more likely to have ventricular fibrillation when the EMS arrived. Other factors relating to patient survival were the location of the victim at the time of the cardiac arrest and the age of the victim. Understanding these factors is important in developing community strategies to treat patients with cardiac arrest out of hospital.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Emergency Medical Services
  • Female
  • First Aid*
  • Heart Arrest / mortality*
  • Heart Arrest / therapy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Resuscitation*
  • Time Factors