Characterization of N-linked oligosaccharides by affinoblotting with concanavalin A-peroxidase and treatment of the blots with glycosidases

Anal Biochem. 1985 Aug 15;149(1):218-24. doi: 10.1016/0003-2697(85)90498-1.

Abstract

Glycoproteins which bind concanavalin A (Con A) can be located on nitrocellulose sheets after electrophoretic transfer from slab gels, by sequential incubation of the sheets with Con A and peroxidase, and visualization of the peroxidase by an insoluble reaction product. We refer to this method as affinoblotting. Differential elution of Con A from the blots by washing the sheets with different concentrations of alpha-methylglycosides is used to demonstrate the affinity of Con A for the oligosaccharide side chains, and to differentiate between proteins with weak and those with high affinity for Con A. Concanavalin A has a high affinity for the four plant glycoproteins (phaseolin, phytohemagglutinin, jackbean alpha-mannosidase, and the glycosylated precursor of Con A) studied here. Incubation of the blots with alpha-mannosidase and endoglycosidase H (endo H) is used to demonstrate that the oligosaccharide chains can be degraded by glycosidases while the proteins are immobilized on the nitrocellulose. With this approach we show here that the four plant glycoproteins used as models in this study interact with Con A through high-mannose oligosaccharide side chains sensitive to alpha-mannosidase and endo H degradation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Chemistry
  • Collodion
  • Concanavalin A
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Fabaceae
  • Glycoproteins*
  • Glycoside Hydrolases
  • Hydrolysis
  • Oligosaccharides / analysis*
  • Peroxidases
  • Plant Lectins
  • Plant Proteins / analysis
  • Plants, Medicinal
  • Protein Binding

Substances

  • Glycoproteins
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Plant Lectins
  • Plant Proteins
  • Concanavalin A
  • Collodion
  • Peroxidases
  • Glycoside Hydrolases