Renal effects of torasemide in the rat. Clearance and micropuncture studies

Arzneimittelforschung. 1985;35(10):1532-5.

Abstract

The effects of torasemide on renal glomerular and tubular functions were studied in rats using clearance and micropuncture techniques. A dose-response relationship of torasemide in the range of 0.2-20 mg/kg b.w. on the increase of urine volume, urinary sodium and potassium excretion was established. The effect of a dose of 0.2 mg/kg b.w. torasemide was completely abolished by preinjection of 10 mg/kg probenecid, whereas the effects of higher doses remained unchanged. Torasemide had no significant effect on glomerular filtration rate. Proximal fractional reabsorption was not influenced. A remarkable depression of fluid and electrolyte reabsorption, however, occurred in the loop of Henle after torasemide under free flow conditions, as well as in functionally isolated microperfused loops of Henle. No further inhibition of fluid and electrolyte reabsorption between the early distal convoluted tubules and the final urine could be detected. In contrast, a compensatory increase of reabsorption was observed in this part of the nephron. The activity of the tubuloglomerular feedback system was completely and reversibly blocked by torasemide. Torasemide did not differ from other typical loop diuretics with respect to the different renal actions studied here.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diuretics / metabolism
  • Diuretics / pharmacology*
  • Electrolytes / urine
  • Kidney / drug effects*
  • Kidney Glomerulus / metabolism
  • Loop of Henle / metabolism
  • Male
  • Nephrons / metabolism
  • Perfusion
  • Probenecid / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Sulfonamides / metabolism
  • Sulfonamides / pharmacology*
  • Torsemide

Substances

  • Diuretics
  • Electrolytes
  • Sulfonamides
  • Probenecid
  • Torsemide