Ophthalmoscopic findings in occult child abuse

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. Nov-Dec 1985;22(6):234-7.


Two previously healthy infants initially presented with vomiting and lethargy. There was a history of whiplash shaken infant syndrome in one infant, but neither child had external or skeletal survey evidence of abuse. However, ophthalmoscopy revealed bilateral retinal hemorrhages, papilledema and vitreous hemorrhage. Subdural aspirations revealed occult hematomas. Both children required ventricular peritoneal shunts to control intracranial pressure. Ophthalmologists, pediatricians, and primary physicians should be aware of the possibility of child abuse in the differential of diagnosis of Terson's syndrome, especially in infants since this may be the only physical finding.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child Abuse*
  • Hematoma, Subdural / complications
  • Hematoma, Subdural / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Ophthalmoscopy*
  • Retinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Retinal Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed