Two forms of chorismate mutase (EC 18.104.22.168), designated as CM-1 and CM-2, have been detected in etiolated seedlings of Sorghum bicolor after DEAE-cellulose chromatography. CM-1 and CM-2 contained 44 and 56%, respectively, of the total activity measured after DEAE-cellulose chromatography. CM-1 was activated by tryptophan and inhibited by phenylalanine and tyrosine. In contrast, CM-2 was insensitive to all three aromatic amino acids. CM-1 and CM-2 were purified 1389- and 1018-fold, respectively, by anion exchange, hydrophobic, and dye matrix chromatography. The molecular weights estimated by gel filtration on Sephacryl S-200 were 56,000 for CM-1 and 48,000 for CM-2. Subunit molecular weights of the two forms were estimated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis at 36,000 and 51,000 for CM-1 and CM-2, respectively. Tryptophan was required for the stability of CM-1 at all stages of purification. Both isoenzymes were stable at 0 or -20 degrees C and had broad pH optima (6-10 for CM-1 and 7.5-9.5 for CM-2).